Are you choosing indoor plants that would be good at any time of the year, regardless of flowering? Then be sure to pay attention to the eschinanthus! After all, he is appreciated for everything at once. We will tell you why he is so attractive and how to take care of him!
The name Eschinanthus literally translates as “distorted flower”. Why this is so is understandable to everyone who has ever seen it during flowering. The South Asian guest has long taken root in our homes and apartments, and decorates interiors all over the world.
Eschinanthus is an evergreen perennial with beautiful glossy leaves. In the wild, it is an epiphyte that settles on other trees, braids them with flexible shoots, and lives like this. The length of the stems in indoor conditions rarely reaches 1 m.
Succulent oval leaves, pointed towards the end, grow up to 12 cm in length. At the ends of the shoots, peduncles are stretched, covered with curved tubular buds. Aeschinanthus flowers are collected in loose large clusters.
In the wild, there are more than 200 species of aeschinanthus, but only a few have taken root in the culture. We have chosen the most interesting ones for you!
He is long-stemmed, and in these names two of his features are hidden at once. The leaves are evenly covered with light stripes that really resemble marble patterns. But the flowering is not too remarkable.
Eschinanthus Mona Lisa
A popular indoor variety with fleshy dark green leaves with a distinct central vein. This is one of the most unpretentious species.
This is the most decorative species among the blooming ones. Against the background of bright emerald leaves, scarlet flowers up to 12 pieces per inflorescence look even more spectacular. The length of the shoots reaches 50 cm, and gradually they hang down from the flowerpot.
Thin and flexible shoots allow you to grow it like an ampelous vine. The leaves are small, with a light seamy side. Bloody red flowers are slightly pubescent.
A whimsical twisted look with twisted shoots and similarly curved leaves. They seem to be covered with a waxy coating. This escinanthus is also called curly.
Aeschinanthus is quite capricious in everyday life, because he needs conditions that are natural for him in nature. The most difficult thing is to withstand the temperature and humidity conditions.
The best temperature for such an exotic is 20-25 degrees, and strictly without sudden changes. Aeschinanthus is afraid of drafts, but needs regular ventilation and fresh air. For flowering by the end of winter, at least a month of rest at 13-14 degrees is definitely needed.
Aeschinanthus grows on trees and hides in their crowns. It is not surprising that the light needs bright, but diffused light for it. This is especially true for the more delicate variegated varieties, which suffer even more from burns.
It is unacceptable to dry out the earthen lump, because the escinanthus will die. Water it several times a week, but drain the remaining water from the sump right away. You also need regular spraying and occasional warm showers.
Eschinanthus prefers a mixed multi-component soil based on leafy soil and peat. Be sure to add sand and sphagnum to loosen and accumulate moisture. You can also add coconut fiber and crushed charcoal.
Fertilizers and feeding
We recommend using liquid fertilizer for flowering plants every 3 weeks during the summer. Use them while watering, but be careful not to let such water spill directly onto the stems or leaves.
During the winter, due to a lack of heat and light, the shoots of the escinanthus can stretch out strongly. Because of this, they lose their decorative effect, but in the spring they can be put in order. Feel free to remove a third of the stems and thin out too dense thickets.
Aeschinanthus is transplanted into a small and shallow pot by transferring. This is best done at the very beginning of spring. After transplanting, provide the plant with high humidity and light partial shade.
Reproduction and planting of aeschinanthus
Aeschinanthus seeds are not propagated, because greenhouse conditions are needed for this. At home, it is more convenient to use apical cuttings with several nodes on each. They are rooted immediately in loose peat with sand and sphagnum.
To make the cuttings start faster, cover them with a bag or bottle. In the warmth of about 25 degrees, the seedling will soon adapt, it will grow and it can be transplanted. By the same principle, individual leaves can be rooted.
Pest and disease control
Aeschinanthus leaves fall off due to too low temperature, draft or overdried soil. Flowering is absent if wintering is incorrect, which means there was no dormant period. Flowers fall off due to plant stress, flowerpot permutations, or due to the fact that they get water.
If the soil is too wet or the water is cold for watering, fungus may develop. Most often it is powdery mildew with a characteristic whitish bloom. In the early stages, potassium permanganate treatment is enough, and in the later stages, you will have to cut off all damaged leaves and use fungicides.
Of the pests, aphids, mealybugs and scale insects settle on aeschinanthus. First, wipe the leaves with soapy water or alcohol, and then sprinkle with an infusion of garlic or pepper. If there are too many insects, use special preparations.
Eschinanthus – photo
The beauty of Aeschinanthus is difficult to convey in words and descriptions. Just take a look at how original this exotic plant looks in the interior!
Did you like the publication? Subscribe to our channel in Yandex.Zen, it helps us a lot in development!