If you want to learn how to understand the varieties of mushrooms, we advise you to start with inedible and poisonous ones. Everything else can be sorted out in the process, but the enemy must be known in person first of all. Therefore, we have collected for you a large selection of species with photos and descriptions!
1. Red fly agaric
Well, who does not know the ordinary classic fly agaric with its red speckled hat. Despite the fact that it is even used in traditional medicine, it is a poisonous mushroom with a psychoactive effect. Its closest relatives are the royal and panther fly agaric.
2. Pale grebe
Another striking and well-known example of poisonous mushrooms. By the way, it also belongs to the genus of fly agaric. In fact, its color is most often not white, but brownish or greenish.
3. Entoloma poisonous
A deadly mushroom, poisoning with which almost instantly causes an unbearable headache and indigestion. A blood transfusion will be needed to remove the toxin.
4. False foam
These mushrooms are also called false mushrooms, and they are easy to confuse with ordinary edible mushrooms. It has a yellowish tint, a large hat and a sulfur-yellow long leg. False foam is brighter and without a “skirt”.
This is a very poisonous mushroom that should not be consumed in any form. The cap is covered with brownish scales. A thin cylindrical leg grows up to 8 cm.
6. Pepper mushroom
It is dangerous because its toxins act for a very long time and as they accumulate. Therefore, some mushroom pickers still classify it as edible. In fact, its destructive effect on the liver has already been proven.
Or a bastard. This bright orange or brown mushroom really looks pretty and appetizing. It contains a lot of toxic component, which leads to disruption of the kidneys.
8. False fox
The false chanterelle is considered an edible mushroom in some countries, but for this it takes a very long time to cook. Also, it doesn’t taste very good. The main differences from the edible one are the absence of a thickening on the stem and “frills” on the hat.
9. False raincoat
It is easily recognizable by its characteristic tuberous shape without a stem. The light flesh darkens with age, but remains very firm. The fungus causes severe stomach upset and severe allergies.
10. Regular stitch
This is a very interesting sample, because its edibility has been argued for more than a year. In some regions, it is still eaten, but it has a bad effect on the liver and nervous system.
These are small saprotrophic fungi, of which there are several hundred species. There are many hallucinogens among them. The cap of the mycena is bell-shaped or conical, up to a couple of centimeters in diameter.
12. Bierkander scorched
An adult mushroom resembles a kind of shapeless structure of intricately fused caps. It grows en masse on old deciduous trees.
13. False oiler
The easiest way to recognize false oil is to break the hat. They quickly change color at the break to red or bluish. In addition, the surface of the mushroom is more slippery.
14. Sticky calocera
Outwardly, the mushroom resembles an inhabitant of coral reefs, both in shape and in bright red color. Due to the fact that it is rare, there is still no unequivocal opinion about its edibility, but it is better not to risk it.
15. Yellow-skinned champignon
Who would have thought that even champignons are poisonous? This species can be identified by the bright yellow or rusty spots that appear when the cap is touched.
A very tiny mushroom with a brown cap up to 2 cm in diameter is inedible. But not because of its toxicity, but because it does not carry nutritional and culinary value at all.
17. Patouillard fiber
The most dangerous representative of its kind, which causes damage to the nervous system. The edges of the reddish cap are covered with cracks, and the flesh turns red when damaged.
This is the collective name for parasites that grow on rotten trees. This includes about one and a half thousand species, but almost all of them are toxic to varying degrees.
19. Satanic mushroom
It is remarkable not only for its loud name, but also for its spectacular appearance with a thick red-yellow leg. Theoretically, it can be eaten, but this requires a very complex and lengthy preparation. Otherwise, poisoning is inevitable!
This mushroom is easy to recognize by the pulp, which crumbles very easily, and also by the milky juice. Most lactic acid cannot be eaten due to its pungent taste.
21. Comb lepiota
It is also unsophisticatedly called an umbrella, and it really looks like it. This is a small mushroom with a thin stalk and a reddish smooth cap that turns pale and cracks over time.
22. Tough field worker
It belongs to conditionally edible mushrooms, but in general is of no value. A pretty spherical snow-white hat darkens and cracks with age.
23. Poison row
She is a tiger, she is a talker. This fungus contains the same toxic substance as fly agaric. He has a large grayish hat, which becomes flat over time.
24. Ascocorine meat
This bizarre mushroom really has a bright meaty hue and a specific look. But it is too small, up to a centimeter, and inconspicuous in its qualities, therefore it is classified as inedible.
25. Burning russula
It causes food poisoning and, when the toxin accumulates in the body, leads to anemia. It is almost impossible to distinguish it from edible outwardly. But it is easy to make to taste – it is really stinging.
It is a conditionally edible mushroom, because in general it can be used as food. But be sure to cook properly, otherwise it is fraught with poisoning. Classify white and pink waves.
Collibia is sometimes called meadow honey mushroom, but it has nothing to do with mushrooms. The mushroom has absolutely no taste, therefore it is not used for food.
Another mushroom, the edibility of which has been argued for several decades. It is olive or brown in color, and looks a bit like a fox. The toxins in it are not lethal, but their accumulation in the body has sad consequences.
29. Alder moth
It is very bitter and smells very unpleasant, therefore it is inedible. But the mushroom itself is quite pretty, with a convex yellowish hat. Grows on the stumps of deciduous trees.
The completely unbearable smell and taste of hebeloma make it inedible. The smooth hat seems to be covered with mucus and is not the most pleasant clay shade.
31. Gall fungus
It is also called false white, because it really looks like its edible counterpart. This is a large tubular mushroom with a convex yellow-brown cap. It is not poisonous, but inedible due to the taste.
Theoretically, violin can be eaten after long-term processing, but for this it needs to be soaked for at least several days. These mushrooms grow near birch or aspen, and outwardly resemble milk mushrooms.
33. Serrated lepiota
Or a chestnut umbrella. The closest relative of the comb, but they are quite different in appearance, so it is better to consider them separately. Firstly, this species is much more poisonous and deadly. Secondly, the hat is much more convex.
It resembles a fly agaric, but an unpleasant earthy green color. It has a slippery skin and white, tasteless flesh. This mushroom is classified as a hallucinogen.
35. Beautiful boletus
Contrary to the spectacular name, the most beautiful or beautiful boletus refers to inedible mushrooms. It can be recognized by its voluminous, barrel-like stem, which turns red closer to the hat.
36. Sulfur head
A cute mushroom with a wavy reddish cap grows on fallen trees. It is inedible due to its hallucinogenic effect. When pressed, the pulp turns blue.
37. Bordered gallery
Another very poisonous mushroom, which is very similar to edible mushrooms. They look almost identical, but there is a solution: do not collect honey mushrooms in coniferous forests. This is the birthplace of the gallery!
She is also a semi-lanceolate psilocybe. Another hallucinogen, the strength of the effect of which depends on the growing conditions. Its conical elongated hat resembles a cap.
39. Russula Mayr
It is also called conspicuous, and you really notice this bright reddish hat. It is almost flat, on a thin and relatively short leg.
40. Straight horn
Or ramaria. Strange-looking inedible mushrooms that thrive on rotten trees. Small thin legs without a pronounced hat are more like branches. Hornbill smells good, but tastes disgusting.
Did you like the post? Subscribe to our channel in Yandex.Zen, it helps us a lot in development!