Tsiperus (50 photos) – types, cultivation and care at home

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Tsiperus (50 photos): types, cultivation and care at home
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Tsiperus is not yet very popular among flower growers, but this trend is gradually changing. This whimsical leaf hat is perfect for any decor. And cyperus is the same plant that grows well in the back of the room and is not afraid of too much watering!

general information

Tsiperus is a moisture-loving inhabitant of swamps and rivers, and that is why it is difficult to flood him. Under favorable conditions, it grows rapidly and forms real impassable thickets.

Indoor cyperus rarely grows above 1 m. The plant has a superficial, but very branched rhizome, straight shoots and narrow long leaves, collected in interesting umbrellas at the top. Variegated varieties are especially popular in decorative floriculture.

Cyperus actively branches as old shoots die off. In summer, it is able to bloom, but this bloom is completely unremarkable. Faded yellow buds are arranged singly or collected in rosettes.

general information

Cyperus species

Cyperus is one of the most diverse grassy inhabitants of houses and apartments. There are more than 500 of its types, but we will focus on the most spectacular!

Graceful Cyperus

This is a great option for outdoor cultivation on the site. Its leaves are stiffer and more elastic, so that they hardly sag in the apical “palms”.

Graceful Cyperus

Alternate-leaved cyperus

It is clearly distinguished by a lighter shade of foliage. The leaves are long and thin, and the shoots are very tall.

Alternate-leaved cyperus

Cyperus Variegata

Nice decorative look with variegated leaves. Long white stripes of various widths are clearly visible against a dark green background.

Cyperus Variegata

Cyperus Helfer

A favorite variety for aquarium owners who use it for decoration and landscaping. The stems are short, up to 50 cm, but the leaves are very long.

Cyperus Helfer

Cyperus Papyrus

The original Egyptian species with very thin leaves, like blades of grass. Papyrus blooms profusely and thrives best in greenhouses.

Cyperus Papyrus

Cyperus Zumula

This species is as similar as possible to ordinary grass, because it grows almost from the ground. In such a cyperus, the stems are practically absent.

Cyperus Zumula

Sprawling Cyperus

The compact, low-growing species reaches a height of 50 cm, and occasionally a little higher. The leaves grow practically from the roots and are wider than other species.

Sprawling Cyperus

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Cyperus care

Tsiperus is completely unpretentious, but at the same time his requirements differ from most of the usual. So we advise you to familiarize yourself with the intricacies of care in advance!

Temperature

Cyperus is not afraid of open windows, drafts and cold air. It takes root in the garden, and indoor flowerpots can be safely taken out onto the balcony. Comfortable summer temperature – 20-25 degrees.

Temperature

Lighting

Cyperus is a rare plant that thrives on a shelf somewhere rather than on a windowsill. He categorically dislikes direct sunlight and grows best in light partial shade.

Lighting

Watering

In its natural environment, Cyperus grows in swamps, so that the flooded soil does not bother him. Feel free to water it every day if the temperature around is above 20 degrees. In winter, reduce the frequency of watering a little and start draining excess water from the sump.

Watering

Humidity and spraying

Cyperus should be regularly sprayed and humidified in general. For example, it is very good to keep it near the aquarium. You can put the flowerpot straight into a container of water, but remember to change it regularly.

Humidity and spraying

The soil

It is useful to add a little of the components “native” for cyperus to the soil – dry grass or silt. Otherwise, mixtures based on peat with turf and sand are suitable.

The soil

Fertilizers and feeding

Cyperus is fertilized with complex mixtures for deciduous plants almost all year round, except for winter. The optimal interval between dressings is 2-3 weeks. We advise you to use liquid mixtures, but lower the concentration for young bushes.

Fertilizers and feeding

Pruning

Tsiperus very quickly and intensively grows deciduous mass, so in spring or autumn it can be trimmed at least by half. Remove yellow and weak shoots as they appear.

Pruning

Wintering

The heat-loving garden cyperus will not survive the winter outdoors. It will have to be transplanted into flowerpots and removed indoors. He also does not need a cool wintering, so do not lower the temperature below 16 degrees.

Wintering

Transfer

Tsiperus easily tolerates a transplant and needs periodic updating of the soil and flowerpot. In the process, inspect the roots and trim off any damaged areas. The shape of the flowerpot depends on the type of root system of a particular species.

Transfer

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Reproduction and planting of cyperus

Cyperus can be propagated by seeds by spreading them directly onto the substrate. Leave them to emerge warm with enough light under the film. Air and spray periodically, and when 5-6 leaves appear, seedlings.

Strong large plants are cut apart during the transplant process. Make sure that there are at least three escapes on each section. Sockets also take root well and quickly. It is not even necessary to cut them off right away: just bend them to the ground and dig a little.

You can also root the apical cuttings, but there are nuances. First, cut the leaves in half. Second, root the cuttings in the water with the leaves facing down.

Reproduction and planting of cyperus

Pest and disease control

Cyperus almost does not get sick and does not even suffer from fungus in high humidity. Almost all leaf problems are associated with excessive dry air or improper light conditions. In winter, the leaves fade from lack of sun or from the proximity of heating appliances.

Pest and disease control

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Tsiperus – photo

It is only at first glance that it seems that Cyperus is completely unremarkable. When it grows, it looks just as good as more exotic deciduous plants!

Tsiperus - photo
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